Chessboard Dimensions: What Is The Size Of It?

What initially started as a metaphorical representation of war, has certainly become one of the most recognized board games in the world. There’s hardly any continent on earth where the game of chess is not played. The game has gone from being a regular pass time to having its place among the internationally recognized competition (skip straight to the Chessboard Dimensions charts).

Interestingly, the game of chess has gained some form of growth with increasing improvements in technology and digital tools around the world. There are several online platforms where players can participate in the game of chess worldwide. Despite the growing impact of technology on the game, there’s still a place for the use of the popular chess board in various tournaments.

Chessboard Dimensions: What Is The Size Of It? size-charts.com
Image Source: Chess.com

The FIDE, the most recognized body overseeing major international chess tournaments, sets the standard and rules guiding the game. Part of the regulations stipulated in the FIDE handbook includes chess board dimensions, square size, chess pieces dimensions, dimensions of the table used for the game, and the dimensions of every other piece of equipment used during chess tournaments.

Following the standard chessboard dimension, is not only limited to tournaments. Personal and regular chess boards also need to adhere to stipulated dimensions if players would enjoy the games. Generally, chess comes in 8 x 8 board sizes with 64 spaces marked by black/dark and white/light squares. Every marking on the board has stipulated dimensions and the size charts below highlight the important dimension to note in the game of chess.Β 

Jump right into the Frequently Asked Questions

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Chessboard Dimensions Table of Contents

Standard Chessboard Dimensions

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BoardslengthWidthSquare lengthSquare widthBoard thickness
small chessboard Β 20.32 cm- 25.4 cm 8 in – 10 in20.32 cm – 25.4 cm 8 in – 10 in2.54 cm– 3.175 cm 1 in – 1.25 in2.54 cm – 3.175 cm 1 in – 1.25 in1.91 cm 0.75 in
Tournament Chessboard Β 55.88 cm 22 in55.88 cm 22 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in1.91 cm 0.75 in
Regular chess board Β 48.26 cm – 53.34 cm 19 in – 21 inΒ  48.26 cm – 53.34 cm 19 in – 21 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in1.91 cm 0.75 in
fide chess board55.88 cm 22 in55.88 cm 22 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in5.08 cm – 6.35 cm 2 in – 2.5 in1.91 cm 0.75 in
outdoor chess board50.8 cm – 63.5 cm 20 in – 25 in50.8 cm – 63.5 cm 20 in – 25 in5.08 cm – 7.62 cm 2 in – 3 in5.08 cm – 7.62 cm 2 in – 3 in2.54 cm – 5.08 cm 1 in – 2 in

Tournament Chess Set/pieces Dimensions (Circular Base)

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Set/PieceHeightBase diameterBase Circumference
King9.5 cm3.8 cm – 4.75 cm 1.5 in – 1.9 in11.9 cm – 14.9 cm 4.7 in – 5.9 in
Queen8.5 cm3.4 cm – 4.25 cm 1.3 in – 1.7 in10.7 cm – 13.4 cm 4.2 in – 5.3 in
Biship7 cm2.8 cm – 3.5 1.1 in – 1.4 in8.8 cm – 11.0 cm 3.5 in – 4.3 in
Knight6 cm2.4 cm – 3 cm 0.9 in – 1.2 in7.5 cm – 9.4 cm 3.0 in – 3.7 in
Rook5.5 cm2.2 cm – 2.75 cm 0.9 in – 1.1 in6.9 cm – 8.6 cm 2.7 cm – 3.4 cm
pawn5 cm2 cm – 2.5 cm 0.8 in – 1.0 in6.3 cm – 7.9 cm 2.5 in – 3.1 in

Tournament Chess Set/Pieces Dimensions (Square Base)

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Set/PieceHeightBase lengthBase width
King9.5 cm3.8 cm – 4.75 cm 1.5 in – 1.9 in3.8 cm – 4.75 cm 1.5 in – 1.9 in
Queen8.5 cm3.4 cm – 4.25 cm 1.3 in – 1.7 in3.4 cm – 4.25 cm 1.3 in – 1.7 in
Biship7 cm2.8 cm – 3.5 cm 1.1 in – 1.4 in2.8 cm – 3.5 cm 1.1 in – 1.4 in
Knight6 cm2.4 cm – 3 cm 0.9 in – 1.2 in2.4 cm – 3 cm 0.9 in – 1.2 in
Rook5.5 cm2.2 cm – 2.75 cm 0.9 in – 1.1 in2.2 cm – 2.75 cm 0.9 in – 1.1 in
pawn5 cm2 cm – 2.5 cm 0.8 in – 1.0 in2 cm – 2.5 cm 0.8 in – 1.0 in

Regular Chess Set/pieces Dimensions (Circle Base)

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Set/PieceHeightBase diameterBase circumference
King8 cm – 9 cm 3.15 in – 3.54 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in12.1 cm – 14.4 cm 4.7 in – 5.7 in
Queen7 cm – 8 cm 2.76 in – 3.15 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in12.1 cm – 14.4 cm 4.7 in – 5.7 in
Biship6 cm – 7 cm 2.36 in – 2.76 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in12.1 cm – 14.4 cm 4.7 in – 5.7 in
Knight5 cm – 6 cm 1.97 in – 2.36 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in12.1 cm – 14.4 cm 4.7 in – 5.7 in
Rook4 cm – 5 cm 1.57 in – 1.973.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in12.1 cm – 14.4 cm 4.7 in – 5.7 in
pawn3 cm – 4 cm 1.18 in – 1.57 in3.05 cm – 3.8 cm 1.2 in – 1.5 in9.6 cm – 11.9 3.8 in – 4.7 in

Regular Chess Set/pieces Dimensions (Square Base)

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Set/PieceHeightBase lengthBase width
King8 cm – 9 cm 3.15 in – 3.54 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in
Queen7 cm – 8 cm 2.76 in – 3.15 in3.05 cm – 3.8 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in3.05 cm – 3.8 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in
Biship6 cm – 7 cm 2.36 in – 2.76 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in
Knight5 cm – 6 cm 1.97 in – 2.36 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in
Rook4 cm – 5 cm 1.57 in – 1.973.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in3.8 cm – 4.57 cm 1.5 in – 1.8 in
pawn3 cm – 4 cm 1.18 in – 1.57 in3.05 cm – 3.8 cm 1.2 in – 1.5 in3.05 cm – 3.8 cm 1.2 in – 1.5 in

Standard Chess Set/pieces Dimensions (Circle Base)

Set/PieceHeightBase diameterBase circumference
King8.5 cm – 9 cm 3.3 in – 3.5 in Β 4.25 cm – 4.5 cm Β  1.7 in – 1.8 in13.4 cm – 14.1 cm Β  5.3 in – 5.6 in
Queen7.5 cm – 8 cm 3.0 in – 3.1 in3.75 cm – 4 cm 1.5 in – 1.6 in11.8 cm – 12.6 cm 4.6 in – 5.0 in
Biship6.5 cm – 7 cm 2.6 in – 2.8 in3.25 cm – 3.5 cm 1.3 in – 1.4 in10.2 cm – 11.0 cm 4.0 in – 4.3 in
Knight5.5 cm – 6 cm 2.2 in – 2.4 in2.75 cm – 3.0 cm 1.1 in – 1.2 in8.6 cm – 9.4 cm 3.4 in – 3.7 in
Rook4.5 cm – 5 cm 1.8 in – 2.02.25 cm – 2.5 cm 0.9 in – 1.0 in7.1 cm – 7.9 cm 2.8 in – 3.1 in
pawn3.5 cm – 4 cm 1.4 in – 1.6 in1.75 cm – 2 cm 0.7 in – 0.8 in5.5 cm – 6.3 cm 2.2 in – 2.5 in

Standard Chess Set/Pieces Dimensions (Square Base)

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Set/PieceHeightBase lengthBase width
King8.5 cm – 9 cm 3.3 in – 3.5 in4.25 cm – 4.5 cm Β  1.7 in – 1.8 in4.25 cm – 4.5 cm Β  1.7 in – 1.8 in
Queen7.5 cm – 8 cm 3.0 in – 3.1 in3.75 cm – 4 cm 1.5 in – 1.6 in3.75 cm – 4 cm 1.5 in – 1.6 in
Biship6.5 cm – 7 cm 2.6 in – 2.8 in3.25 cm – 3.5 cm 1.3 in – 1.4 in3.25 cm – 3.5 cm 1.3 in – 1.4 in
Knight5.5 cm – 6 cm 2.2 in – 2.4 in2.75 cm – 3.0 cm 1.1 in – 1.2 in2.75 cm – 3.0 cm 1.1 in – 1.2 in
Rook4.5 cm – 5 cm 1.8 in – 2.02.25 cm – 2.5 cm 0.9 in – 1.0 in2.25 cm – 2.5 cm 0.9 in – 1.0 in
pawn3.5 cm – 4 cm 1.4 in – 1.6 in1.75 cm – 2 cm 0.7 in – 0.8 in1.75 cm – 2 cm 0.7 in – 0.8 in

Learn more about chessboard dimensions (video)

Fit Chess Pieces and Board Size by Chess House

Frequently Asked Questions

How much space is needed for the chessboard?

Standard chessboards generally have a total of 64 squares. 8 horizontal rows of squares and 8 vertical lines of squares. The squares are usually alternating black/dark and white/bright colors with uniform sizes across the board.

The sizes of the squares are uniform across the chess boards and are often in the ranges of 2 inches – 2.5 inches (5.08 cm – 6.35 cm).Β 

What’s the standard size of the chessboard?

The International Chess Federation (FIDE) also known as FΓ©dΓ©ration Internationale des Γ‰checs sets the accepted international dimensions for a chessboard. The chess board dimension, especially in tournaments is 21 inches square s (53.34 cm).

The dimension of the table used for the game is also set by Chess Federation. The length of the table is 43.3 inches and 33.5 inches wide.Β  110 cm in length and 85 cm in width. There are several other dimensions of chessboards as outlined in the charts above.

How big is the biggest chessboard ever made?

The current world record for the biggest chessboard is held by Norway in a town named breasted. The chessboard has a surface area of 6400 square meters, bigger than an average basketball pitch.Β  However, the board does not hold the record for the largest chess sets.

The largest chess piece sits in front of Medicine Hat Chess Club, Canada. However, these chess boards and chess sets are disproportionately large and are built specifically for the purpose of world records.

What’s the smallest chessboard?

Standard small chessboards have 10 inches to 15 inches. However, the world record for the smallest chessboard is held by The Turkish artist Necati Korkmaz with a board size of 9 x 9 mm (0.35 x 0.35 inch). This board also holds the record for the smallest chess sets in the world. The sets have sizes as small as 1.5 mm to 3mm (0.06 in – 0.12 in).

However, the small size of the board leads to a heavily overcrowded board which is almost impossible to play on. There are other sizes of boards for kids that are quite bigger than these to help them learn how to play the game from a young age, usually 5 years and below.

From which materials are chessboards made?

the material used in the manufacturing of chessboards varies from country to country. However, the most common materials used include wood, marble, metals, glass, plastics, etc. There are luxury chess boards that are produced from rear stones and other valuable materials.

When it comes to international tournaments, the Chess federation has a range of chessboard materials allowed. The listed materials are included in the FIDE handbook.

Is the chess board a 10Γ—10 size?

No. Chess boards are 8Γ—8 in size. Despite the fact that several variations of chess boards exist, the one that fits the rule of the game perfectly is the 8Γ—8 standard and it is the only board recognized by the FIDE for chess competition.

Check the size charts above for detailed highlights of major kinds of chess boards and their sizes/dimensions.

How many dimensions of chess are there?

There are several mesurements in chess, especially if you are preparing for a tournament. The first and most important measurement is the chessboard itself. Next is the measurement of the chess set and the pieces. The set measurement includes the height of the pieces, the ratio of base diameter.

The recommendation is that every tournament has a 3.8-inch king, 3.4-inch Queen, 2.8-inch Bishop, 2.4-inch Knight, 2.2-inch Rook, and 2-inch Pawn – 5 cm. These metrics must be strictly kept before the game would be recognized in accordance with international chess standards.

Are all chessboards 8Γ—8?

No. There are several other variations of the chess boards. Recent variations include the 9Γ—9 and 10Γ—10 boards, which comes with new rules and additional piece. However, these boards are not recognized by FIDE.

The extra spaces prevent major moves that are possible on 8Γ—8 boards, including the popular diagonal moves that are popular with regular chess boards. Check the size charts above for a detailed overview of some of the most popular chess boards worldwide and their corresponding sizes.

How many squares are in an 8Γ—8 chessboard?

There are 64 squares in an 8Γ—8 chessboard. Each square is measured in the range of 2 inches – 2.25 inches and they are either bright-colored squares or dark-colored squares.

How many squares are in a 9Γ—9 chessboard dimensions?

There are 9 rows of squares in the horizontal line and 9 columns of squares in the vertical axis.

How many squares are in 10Γ—10 chessboard dimensions?

There are 100 squares with equal square sizes on the 10Γ—10 chessboard. 10 horizontal rows of squares and 10 vertical columns of squares.Β  However, there’s hardly any well-known chess board with a 10Γ—10 size. This is due to the number of pieces available on the board. The extra dimension makes it impossible to use 8 pieces.

While it’s possible to have an increased pawn, there’ll be an issue with queens, kings, rooks, knights, and bishops. There are only 8 pieces on the board which makes it difficult to have a 10Γ—10 board. Most 10Γ—10 variants of chess boards in existence are unpopular and they have some new pieces added to make up for the extra spaces.

What is the length of chessboard dimensions?

Chess boards have an average length of 21 inches, for a tournament-standard board. Chess boards are always squares. Therefore, the length and width of the squares are often equal. Other boards may have any sizes that fit the purpose they are adapted for. You can check the size charts above for more details on chessboard dimensions.

How many queens are in an 8Γ—8 board?

Every chess game features a single queen from the start of the game. However, as the game progresses, it’s possible to see an increase in the number of queens. It happens when the pawn reaches the end of the enemy line and is promoted from its regular status to the status of a queen.

How big is a chessboard dimensions with 2.25-inch squares?

Generally, there are 8 square spaces of equal square sizes across and down the board. Multiplying the size of the square spaces by the number of squares on the board would give you the average length of the board.

ConclusionΒ 

When it comes to chessboards, dimension is everything. The slightest errors in measurement could result in a distorted board design. While the accuracy of the dimensions on the board won’t improve the game or result in mistakes during the game, it could affect the overall experience of the game. The size charts above unveil accurate measurements as stipulated by FIDE.

If you have any questions regarding the dimensions of any chessboard, leave them in the comment below. If you are in doubt and you need clarification about any of the charts outlined above, also leave your questions in the comments below. Finally, remember to share the article to help others benefit from the values.

Picture in this post is by GR Stocks on Unsplash

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